ROUGH-LEAF DOGWOOD
File Size: 94 KB
 
Cornus drummondii  C.A. Mey.
Konza Prairie, Riley County, Kansas
Perennial shrub
Height: 3-20 feet
Family: Cornaceae - Dogwood Family
Flowering Period:   May, June
Stems: Erect, often forming clumps; young twigs rough, often reddish brown; mature branches grayish brown; roots shallow, spreading.
Leaves: Opposite, simple, slender stalked, broadly ovate to lanceolate, 2.5 to 4.5 inches long, 1 to 3.5 inches wide, firm, rough above, whitish-woolly below; margins entire; tips tapering to points.
Inflorescences: Cymes, open, nearly flat-topped, 1.5 to 3 inches across, terminal on new branches.
Flowers: White to cream colored, densely appressed-hairy; sepals 4, whitish; petals 4, oblong-lanceolate, spreading or rolling backward; stamens 4, filaments white, anthers yellow; style 1, cream to pale green.
Fruits: Nearly spherical, about 1/5 inch in diameter, white, 1-seeded, in upright clusters; ripen late summer to early fall.
Habitat: Rocky hillsides, woodland edges, thickets, and stream banks.
Distribution: East 3/4 of Kansas.
Uses: Rough-leaf dogwood provides cover for wildlife and the fruits are eaten by many species of birds.
Comments: The scientific name honors Thomas Drummond, a Scottish botanist who lived from 1780-1835. Rough-leaf dogwood does well in drought conditions.

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