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Castilleja coccinea   (L. ) Spreng.
Neosho County, Kansas
Annual or biennial
Height: 6 - 24 inches
Family: Scrophulariaceae - Figwort Family
Flowering Period:   May, June, July
Also Called: Painted cup.
Stems: Ascending to erect, usually solitary, simple or sometimes branched, short-hairy.
Leaves: Alternate, sessile; basal rosette leaves oblanceolate to egg-shaped, entire, often persisting until flowering; principal stem leaves lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 1.2 to 3.2 inches long, entire to commonly 3-7-cleft; segments linear or oblong, tips blunt or rounded, terminal segment usually largest.
Inflorescences: Spike, dense, bright red, reddish-orange, or occasionally yellow or white, 1.6 to 2.4 inches long, elongating to 4 to 8 inches in fruit, terminal.
Flowers: Bracts subtending flowers prominent, lanceolate, deeply 3-5-lobed, lobe tips blunt to rounded, often more brightly colored than flowers; calyces scarlet, 3/5 to 1 inch long, deeply divided into 2 broad, rounded lateral lobes; corollas 2-lipped, greenish-yellow, slightly longer than calyx; upper lip beak-like, erect, straight, 1/3 to 2/5 inch long, lower lip well developed, less than 1/3 as long as upper lip; stamens 4, ascending under upper lip.
Fruits: Capsule, asymmetrical, egg-shaped, 1/3 to 2/5 inch long; seeds numerous, small, angular.
Habitat: Moist prairies, hay meadows, thickets, open moist woods, roadside ditches, and wet ground along streams; damp sandy soil.
Distribution: East 1/6 of Kansas.
Uses: Native Americans used an infusion of flowers to treat colds and would use the plant as a love charm by hiding it on the person who was the object of their infatuation.
Comments: Indian paintbrush often produces only a basal rosette the first year and a flowering stem the second year. Indian paintbrush is partially parasitic on the roots of other plants.

Indian paintbrush inflorescence
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Neosho County, Kansas
Indian paintbrush
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Neosho County, Kansas
Indian paintbrush
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Neosho County, Kansas
Indian paintbrush flowers
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Neosho County, Kansas
Indian paintbrush leaf
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Neosho County, Kansas