PURPLE CLIFF-BRAKE
File Size: 81 KB
 
Pellaea atropurpurea   (L. ) Link
Montgomery County, Kansas
Perennial
Height: 3-18 inches
Family: Pteridaceae - Maidenhair Fern Family
Flowering Period:   June, July, August, September
Also Called: Purple-stemmed cliffbrake.
Culms: Compact, ascending; rhizome scales tan to rust colored, linear-subulate, to .3 inch, tips entangled.
Leaves: Somewhat of 2 forms, numerous, evergreen, firm; sterile leaves shorter and less divided than fertile leaves; petiole purplish to black, conspicuously hairy on upper surface with short, appressed hairs; blade lanceolate to narrowly deltoid in outline, 2 to 16 inches long, 1 to 8 inches wide, 1- or 2-pinnate; pinnae in 5-11 pairs, ultimate segments dark green above, paler below, lanceolate to linear-oblong or ovate, .4 to 3 inches long, .2 to .4 inch wide, leathery, base sometimes with 1-2 lobes, margins entire to crenulate, often weakly recurved and whitish, tips acute to obtuse, glabrous above or villous near midrib below; sori in continuous marginal band on underside of fertile segments, partially covered by incurved margin; spores tan.
Habitat: Calcareous rock outcrops, cliffs, ledges, and rocky slopes.
Distribution: East 2/3 of Kansas
Origin: Native
Uses: The Mahuna in California took an infusion of the plant to flush the kidneys and as a means to prevent sunstroke.

Purple cliff-brake
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Montgomery County, Kansas
Purple cliff-brake sori
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Montgomery County, Kansas
Purple cliff-brake sori
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Montgomery County, Kansas
Purple cliff-brake
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Montgomery County, Kansas
Purple cliff-brake
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Montgomery County, Kansas
Purple cliff-brake
121 KB
Montgomery County, Kansas