AMERICAN BELLFLOWER
File Size: 62 KB
 
Campanulastrum americanum   (L. ) Small
[=Campanula americana L.]
Konza Prairie, Riley County, Kansas
Annual
Height: 2 - 6 feet
Family: Campanulaceae - Bellflower family
Flowering Period:   July, August, September
Also Called: Tall bellflower.
Stems: Erect, leafy, usually un-branched.
Leaves: Alternate, simple, stalked, thin, lanceolate to ovate-oblong, 3-6 inches long, 1/2 to 2 inches wide, often broadest at middle, glabrous or somewhat pubescent; bases narrowed; margins conspicuously toothed; tips pointed; upper leaves gradually reduced.
Inflorescences: Racemes, elongate, spike-like, 15-30 inches long, sparsely or densely flowered.
Flowers: Deeply 5-lobed; calyx lobes linear, spreading; corollas wheel-shaped, approximately 1 inch wide, blue with whitish centers; style long-protruding, bending downward then curving upward.
Fruits: Capsules, stiffly erect, 1/4 to 1/2 inch long; seeds chestnut-brown, lustrous.
Habitat: Damp shaded sites, open woods, and stream banks.
Distribution: Principally in the east third of Kansas.
Forage Value: White-tailed deer sometimes consume the leaves.

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Konza Prairie, Riley County, Kansas